Astronomers are a type of scientist that study objects in space. There are two types of astronomers. Observational astronomers collect data from satellites and spacecraft using radio and optical telescopes, develop new instruments to gather information and develop software to analyse and interpret data. Theoretical Astronomers develop theories on the physical processes happening in space and analyse data to help develop our understanding of events in the universe.

Attributes: open-minded, self-motivated, patient

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Solar Array Manufacturing Engineer

Solar Array Manufacturing Engineers are experts in utilising sunlight to generate electricity. They work on large arrays of solar panels which usually sit in ordered rows for example, in the desert. Solar array manufacturing engineers work in the manufacturing, construction, and maintenance of solar power materials and solar power plants. They may also work on developing low-cost solar panels for space applications.

Attributes: creative, self-motivated, organised

Satellite Communications Engineer

Satellite communications engineers work with the satellite systems which enable wireless communication in regions where mobile networking is not cost-effective.  They design programs that direct orbiting satellites and keep them functioning as well as conducting testing of satellite communication systems. They may also work on projects such as NASA’s Tracking and Data Relay Satellite which provides continuous communication between astronauts in space and the ground base on Earth.

Attributes: committed, organised, resilient


Satellite Engineer

Satellite engineers are involved in the development of satellites which are launched for specific purposes such as communications, atmospheric studies or navigation. They design satellite command systems that remotely control satellite activities from ground stations and keep satellites functioning properly. Satellite engineers also collect data that tracks satellite behaviour and write status reports.

Attributes: hard-working, open-minded, communicative

Aerospace Engineer

Aerospace engineers design, build and maintain aircraft, spacecraft, satellites, and missiles. They may be involved in creating and testing prototypes, researching ways to make fuel efficient parts, developing weapons or navigations systems and supervising the fitting of aircraft or spacecraft and their components.

Attributes: creative, passionate, tenacious


Astronauts are trained by different space agencies such as NASA in order to command, pilot or serve as a crew member aboard spacecraft and the International Space Station. While in space, as well as exercising for around two and a half hours a day, astronauts are responsible for maintaining the air filters, oxygen production systems, water and waste disposal systems. They must also replace worn or broken parts of the spacecraft. Astronauts carry out scientific experiments and research while in space and transfer data and reports to Earth via satellite.

Attributes: collaborative, communicative, hard-working


An astrophysicist is a scientist who researches the principles of light, motion, and natural forces in order to gain an understanding underlying properties of the cosmos. They use theoretical and observational physics and chemistry to study the Sun, stars, galaxies and planets. Most astrophysicists specialise in a particular theory or phenomenon such as the origins and evolution of the solar system, black holes, the origin of cosmic rays or the development and extinction of stars.

Attributes: observant, curious, imaginative

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